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Organizing Blueprints with Machine Learning

11Jun

Organizing Blueprints with Machine Learning

Read Time: 6 minutes

Specifications and drawings are the foundation of any construction project. These can be anything from industrial machinery to skyscrapers, family houses, and even urban design.

Many of these designs may need to be accessed regularly for reproduction, repair, or research. Vast quantities of these drawings are often kept in either paper or digital format by the companies that make them.

Now, with technological advancements such as Machine Learning, organizing blueprints has never been easier. With that, here is everything there is to know about Organizing Blueprints with Machine Learning.

The Problem

On-site searches of physical archives are required for paper, whereas digital archives require digital searches. Accessing archived drawings can be time-consuming and difficult to find. In fact, due to the vast number of drawings in the archives, some will probably be misplaced or lost entirely. Consider the following occurrences:

To begin with, it appears that some parts of the Air Force’s B-2 Spirit stealth bomber have simply disappeared. A post on the US federal contracting website has disclosed a reverse engineering attempt for the B2 Load Heat Exchangers’ re-core procedure. Although the term “reverse engineer” is normally linked with Chinese or Russian efforts to steal American technology, it appears that the Air Force may get forced to reverse engineer sections of its equipment.

The reason behind this remains unknown. According to one recent story, the blueprints for this particular B-2 bomber part got misplaced. It’s also feasible that the company originally hired to make that part is no longer in business. In any event, as time passes, it may become less and less important.

Second, missing building designs for the food hall and rooftop bar got discovered. While keeping its bones, a 10,228 square-foot facility built in 1974 got slated to acquire new life as a two-story food hall with space for seven food vendors and three bars, along with a rooftop bar and a ground-level beer garden on the location’s car park.

However, there was one flaw: the building’s original blueprint was lost. Contractors would have had to tear more things down and just see what they were working with if it had not been for it, and they would have had to go in blind structurally.

Without making any promises, the designer’s daughter pledged to assist in searching for the missing blueprints. After a week of scavenging, the designer’s daughter found the original blueprint, saving everyone money and weeks of building time.

With a more advanced blueprint organizing system, developers could have managed the process more conveniently and speedily.

The Solution

To make this search easier, many companies offer scanning and indexing of paper records. Digital photos can also be indexed to make finding them easier. The result is some pretty standard information. It is similar to locating a book in a library. However, in this situation, one must locate the particular page and passage in question.

Here is where OCR-enhanced Machine Learning comes in. This system not only indexes each drawing but also reads and indexes every part of it. Single specs for a specific drawing can be accessed in a matter of seconds using any mobile device.

How does OCR-Enhanced Machine Learning Work?

Optical Character Recognition (OCR) converts scanned images of text into electronic text to search, index, and retrieve digitized material using specialized software. OCR engines are designed and tuned to extract data from a variety of real-world documents, including bank statements, checks, insurance documents, invoices, license plates, passports, among others.

To train and optimize the algorithms, each of these applications involves processing data sets consisting of vast amounts of scanned documents or photos. Humans often process the training data set to offer correct data that the engine may utilize to learn and apply, rendering it “smarter” over some time.

For optimization and automation, OCR gets employed. Checking test answers, real-time translations, identifying street signs, and looking through images are just a few examples. Moreover, each instance necessitates the deployment of a specific OCR solution, depending on particular attributes, such as the following:

  • Text Density: The text on a printed or written page is dense, whereas the text appears scant when shown with an image of a street with a single street sign.
  • Text Structure: Text on a page is usually organized in precise rows, although the text in the “wild” may get strewn about in various rotations.
  • Fonts: Printed fonts are simpler to read than noisy, hand-written ones because they are more organized.
  • Character Type: Companies may write texts in various languages that are significantly distinct from one another.
  • Artifacts: Outdoor photos are substantially noisier than the comfortable scanner.
  • Location: Tasks may be cropped or centered in some assignments, while OCR may place text in various spots in others.

The Role of Machine Learning

Machine learning (ML) is a subfield of Artificial Intelligence (AI), a multidisciplinary computer science and technology field. The core idea of machine learning is that computers can “learn” from data and recognize patterns in it.

The primary distinguishing feature of ML is that computers “learn” without needing to be explicitly programmed. Moreover, ML algorithms facilitate this learning.

ML Algorithms

As established, the building blocks of ML are Machine Learning Algorithms, which come in different types:

  • Supervised Learning: Supervised learning gets used when there are known input and output data. Such algorithms “train” computers to respond to questions based on labeled data.
  • Unsupervised Learning: Companies must employ unsupervised learning techniques when the data doesn’t know the answers. Because there is no labeled data, the computer “learns” to recognize underlying patterns and structures within the data.
  • Semi-supervised Learning: Semi-supervised learning techniques combine labeled and unlabeled data in their algorithms.
  • Reinforced Learning: These algorithms use a trial-and-error strategy to train computers, learn from their mistakes, and increase their decision-making precision depending on feedback.

Rethinking Blueprint Organization through Machine Learning

Blueprint Organization through Machine Learning is increasingly becoming a method of choice, encompassing the following processes:

Skim-Reading

When looking at a document page for the first time, the first impression is a flurry of sloppy data. At various points on the page, people observe the basic layout and overall arrangement of letters. People then glance at the text labels next to the data to obtain a rough notion of, for example, which quantity is which variables to clear up any ambiguities.

Companies are now using a novel type of spatial OCR to skim-read in the machine. They identify the letter present on each point of a page, generating a space map of where every letter is — still allowing for word identification by focusing on spots near each other. Still, the layout is the major subject of presentation rather than an undertone.

Data Localization

This localization demonstrates how humans read organized papers in a non-linear manner, flashing their eyes and focusing solely on specific locations they believe will hold the important information.

ML allows neural networks to look at a document page on the whole and use the rough “skim-reading” perspective to quickly focus on simply labeling candidates based on the same idea.

Precise-Reading

When individuals see several focal points on a page, it is time to carefully study and assess the material. It’s crucial to fine-tune the position, meticulously transcribe the final text, and give it the confidence to do this.

If you were to draw a box surrounding a piece of information, your eyes would first look at the center of the field and then work out where the limits are to determine the precise border. It is no surprise that humans use a special neural network to establish these borders from the focal locations.

However, the classic OCR operation of properly copying linear text from an image only works at this point. On the other hand, people have a considerably simpler time than classic OCR systems, avoiding detection and getting the OCR context from the label type because the field’s specific region is already defined.

Efficiency Boosts from AI in Blueprint Organization

Many businesses and sectors continue to struggle with blueprint organization. Even if the organization does not create them, they may be required to use government or business partner paper forms. In addition, several businesses have abandoned the use of actual paper. Simultaneously, they may have just taken the first step toward digitalization by linking spreadsheets or scanned forms to emails and keeping them in a haphazard, chaotic fashion on separate disk drives.

These procedures cost time since they might lead to a disorganized blueprint that results in redundant, erroneous, lost, and vulnerable documents.

Contrarily, using AI in blueprint organization can boost efficiency in the following ways:

Automate Manual Processes

Upon scanning or entering the blueprint, the AI system may automate manual labor while maintaining high standards. This capacity can aid with future jobs as well as speed up the first digitization initiatives. Effective searches rely on precise tagging and classification of documents as employees use the system. Yet this is an area that gets frequently overlooked. When data is input, even if the system doesn’t label and categorize automatically, it can implement predefined criteria to guarantee that employees perform this extra step when composing new ones.

Speed up Business Intelligence

Companies can accelerate business intelligence with smart systems. For example, AI can discover patterns in massive amounts of data far faster than humans.

Applying Structure to Unstructured Data

Data gets sorted into prepared databases or reports by IT professionals. Nobody can, however, expect that level of structure in most documents. Emails, text messages, letters, and forms from other organizations help businesses communicate. People used to have to dig through this type of communication to extract and organize information. But, an intelligent blueprint organization can now take care of a lot of the grunt work.

Streamline Blueprint Organization

Instead of training staff on how to format diverse papers and blueprints appropriately, the AI may simply request the information for new, unique papers.

Enhance Document Security

One of AI’s most significant advantages may be its capacity to safeguard data. The blueprint organization system may check for sensitive data and mark any documents containing it automatically. Better yet, the software can detect irregular requests for private data and either block access or notify security teams.

Conclusion

AI in blueprint organization has the potential to revolutionize efficiency. It can bring order to chaos, provide important insights, and even mitigate typical occurrences like data entry errors or, worse, data loss.

Reach out to our team today!

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    IDS Commander iTech2021

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